Go (often referred to as golang) is an open source programming language created at Google in 2007 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. It is a compiled, statically typed language in the tradition of Algol and C, with garbage collection, limited structural typing, memory safety features and CSP-style concurrent programming features added.
The Go programming language targets productivity and ease of
use, providing an open-source package that enables developers to
build compelling applications using simple tools and an easy to
Its syntax is actually derived from the C language, with a few additions that make Go a good alternative to all developers. It features garbage collection options, dynamic typing and safety options, a generous library delivered alongside more data types, including key-value maps and variable-length arrays.
Go includes commands for building binaries, unit testing, code formatting, remote actions, code execution, renaming variables, accessing code generators, and so on - the kind of familiar commands you can find in any programming language.
Developed and used by Google itself, Go comes with two different compilers, namely gc and gccgo. The first is capable of building full-functioning apps for all the major platforms, for 32-bit and 64-bit architectures, whereas the second is a frontend for GCC.
Compared to C, Go's enhancements and additional capabilities make it more simple to understand and concise. Its syntax includes commands that are more specific to dynamic languages, and its improved support for multi-threading and concurrent actions allows users to create different programs that can share information, making it suitable for parallel programming.